React Native Vs Native Mobile Application Development


React Native is creating a lot of buzz in the developer community. React Native is basically a framework released by Facebook for developing mobile applications for iOS and Android. One can develop an app to React Native and deploy it on both iOS and Android.

If you are looking forward to developing a mobile app, what should you choose?
React Native or traditional Native?
Let’s look at the Pros and Cons of Both React Native and Native Mobile App development.

1. Direct access to native APIs & third-party libraries:
All of the APIs and the functionality can be accessed through a native development environment. There are
no restrictions or dependencies for APIs when building an app in the native environment.

2. Native languages are strongly typed and compiled languages:
Strongly typed languages are the ones in which variables have a well-defined type and that there are strict rules about combining variables of different types in expressions It makes the logic of your app more predictable. In compiled type languages the original program is translated into native machine instructions, which are executed directly by the hardware.

3. Native UI & complicated animations:
It usually takes fewer efforts to implement some complicated animations and make them work smoother in native languages. Your product and business do not depend on Facebook’s policy We can’t be totally sure that Facebook isn’t going to close this React project one day and stop updating it. This is not their priority so everything can happen. Take it into account since you will depend on one additional party – Facebook. Neither Apple nor Google aren’t going to stop updating their languages or APIs. And even when they apply some major changes, they are often backwards compatible.

1. Only one platform at a time:
You will have to maintain two separate teams for iOS and Android. And it will be 30-35% more costly than developing 2 apps in React Native.

2. More time-consuming:
Since there will be two different codebases for iOS and Android it will be more time consuming then React Native.

1. Cross-platform development:
As we know this framework is based on JavaScript which is actually a web programming language, developers can easily reuse as much as 70-80% of the codebase for both platforms

2. Hot reloading:
While developing the app most of the time we need to debug the app. When working in the native environment, Developer has no choice but to spend a lot of time on the compilation and uploading the new version of the app to a physical device or an emulator every time they want to check changes. While React Native immediately deploys all the changes and shows them on the testing device.

3. It’s constantly improving:
As we know React Native is an open-source framework and because of that many members add there improvements or additions to it. Almost native performance Unlike, PhoneGap/ Cordova/ Ionic and other similar frameworks having only a WebView at its disposal, we are bound to the limitations of the WebView, React Native utilizes multiple threads, therefore rendering UI elements run in their own thread. Because React components link to native views.

1. Lack of third-party components:
React Native community is smaller than iOS/Android ones so the contribution to the framework is also small, so it has less third-party components (APIs and libraries) that are sometimes necessary for the development.

2. Difficult to create complicated UI and animations:
If you’re planning to develop many complicated interface components and animations, React Native app development may also be not the best choice for you. Animation API in React native still lags very much as compared to the native API’s.

3. It may face difficulties with using new native features:
Every new OS version whether its iOS or Android brings new features like Touch Id or Face Id. And these features can’t be implemented immediately in the React Native framework.

Native App development is a legacy framework and React Native is something that is picking up lately. Choosing a tech for your next product/project will completely depend on following.
1. Expectations from the Apps (Are the apps just content delivery or need to use core hardware features of the phone like GPS, Bluetooth etc.)
2. Cost of POC or an entire development
3. Scalability of the App.
4. Support and Maintenance

Mapping these points with some of the Pros and Cons mentioned above should help you make a decision.

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